Tony Bovaird is Emeritus Professor of Public Management and Policy at INLOGOV, University of Birmingham, UK and Director of Governance International, a non-profit organization working throughout Europe. His research covers strategic management of public services, performance measurement in social policy, evaluation of public management and governance reforms, and user and community co-production of public services. In recent years, he has acted as advisor on co-production to the UK Cabinet Office, the Scottish Joint Improvement Team and the Welsh Government and has just returned from a tour of Australia and New Zealand, advising governments and researchers on how to implement co-production in social and other public services. He has undertaken research for UK Research Councils, the European Commission, many UK government departments, LGA, National Audit Office, and many other public bodies in the UK and internationally. He is co-author (with Elke Loeffler) of Public Management and Governance (Routledge, 3rd edition 2016).