Who has to be quarantined
Explanation of the officially ordered quarantine
To simplify and accelerate the processes, the state of Baden-Württemberg has created the legal basis for officially ordered quarantine*.
Those affected will be informed as soon as possible by the public health authority and informed about the modalities of the quarantine such as rules of conduct and duration. The public health authority will contact all positive cases as soon as it has the laboratory results.
According to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), a quarantine is always ordered by the authorities if there is a high risk of infection with the new corona virus. This is the case,
- if a person has tested positive.
- if a person has been in close contact with an infected person with a laboratory- confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis within the last two weeks
- if a person has stayed in a risk area within the last 14 days.
The public health authority can also order a quarantine in other cases.
Duration of the quarantine
In the case of persons who have tested positive, the quarantine begins with the positive test result. For persons who have tested positive without symptoms, the quarantine ends 10 days after the test. For persons who have tested positive and show a symptomatic course of the disease, it ends 10 days after the onset of symptoms and at least 48 hours after they are free of symptoms.
Anyone who notices signs of illness that indicate infection with the corona virus - such as coughing, increased temperature or fever, shortness of breath, loss of sense of smell or taste, a cold, sore throat, headaches and aching limbs and general weakness - and for whom the health authorities or an authorized doctor has arranged a corona test, must isolate at home until the results are available.
For household members of persons who have tested positive, quarantine begins immediately after they learn of the positive test from the person living in the household. The quarantine ends at the earliest 10 days after the test or after the onset of symptoms of the person who has tested positive.
Persons who have been talking to a person infected with COVID-19 for at least 15 minutes at a distance of less than 1.5 metres or have been coughed or sneezed on by that person or who have been in a room with a high concentration of infectious aerosols for more than 30 minutes are considered to be Category 1 contact persons. For Category 1 contact persons, the quarantine begins immediately after they have been informed that they are a Category 1 contact person and lasts for at least 10 days, regardless of the test result(s). This is the period during which there is the greatest risk of an outbreak of infection. In individual cases, the public health authority may order a different duration. Category 1 contact persons should keep a diary of symptoms during their quarantine. A template for this can be found at www.rki.de.
School children who have only had contact with a child from their own class or course level who have tested positive in a school context can be considered as contact persons in the category cluster pupils. Contact persons in the cluster pupil category must quarantine immediately after being informed by the public health authority or by a person appointed by the public health authority, such as the headmaster. For these contact persons, the quarantine ends 10 days after the last contact with the person who has tested positive. From the 5th day, it can be ended at the earliest by a test carried out on that day with a negative result.
For persons returning from risk areas, the special instructions of the Corona Regulation EQT (entry-quarantine and testing) must be observed.
Category 2 contact persons
A person who, for example, was only in the same room with a person who has tested positive and had no close contact with that person will be considered a Category 2 contact person, and no quarantine will normally be ordered as there is a lower risk of infection. However, anyone working with people with pre-existing conditions (hospital, elderly care, etc.) should always inform their employer. All of them should in any case monitor themselves for signs of illness. If there are signs of illness, they should be tested urgently.
Contact person of a contact person
Persons who have had contact with a person in their family or with friends or acquaintances, who in turn have had contact with a COVID-19 case confirmed in the laboratory, but who are completely healthy, do not have to be quarantined either. In this case, these persons are not a contact person, do not have an increased risk of infection with the new corona virus and cannot infect anyone. They are "only" the contact person of a contact person.
The basic regulations can be reviewed and individually adapted by the employees of the public health authority. There are also exceptions, for example for medical staff. In this case, individual consultations with the public health authority are required.
Violations of a quarantine order
Violations of the officially ordered quarantine can be punished with a fine.
Detailed information is available at www.rki.de and at www.baden-wuerttemberg.de/de/service/aktuelle-infos-zu-corona/uebersicht-corona-verordnungen/coronavo-absonderung.
*In this text no distinction is made between quarantine and isolation.